Digital Rebel 350 Digital Memories Captured With Canon EOS 350 Digital Rebel Digital Rebel 350 Digital Memories Captured With Canon EOS 350 Digital Rebel: Forte Belvedere_part 3

Digital Rebel 350

10 April 2011

Forte Belvedere_part 3

The garrison
On May 24, 1915, the day of declaration of war on the Kingdom of Italy Austro-Hungarian Empire, the official garrison of Fort Belvedere was as follows: a captain, two officers of artillery, an infantry officer, a Medical Officer, 130 NCOs and gunners, 50 Landesschützen; 8 phones, 5 health workers, 5 sappers, 5 orders (runner) and 5 attendants.


The bombing

Although not directly affected by the assaults of the Italian infantry, throughout the first year of the war Forte Belvedere suffered intense bombing. The enemy artillery fire caused considerable damage to structures several times and also made the victims of the garrison, not succeeding in any case never reached the intensity of the bombing range Luserna Forte and Forte Vezzena.


The next day May 23, 1915 at 18, with the declaration of war on Austria-Hungary, began hostilities. At 5 am the following day the first shots were fired the cannon against Forte Belvedere. In addition to the guns of Strong Italian Verena and Campolongo, the Italian artillery were stationed at Port Manazza near Cima Campomolon, Passo della Vena and Mount Torarica.

Part of Austria, the only field artillery in the early days of the war was made ​​up by the batteries of the forts belt, often too weak. Without the opportunity to comment on Italian action, only the great strength of the bombing Strong ensure the seal of the line. Only later would come into action from the mortar off of 30.5 cm placed on Costalta and other heavyweights.

The nineteenth century was marked by bloody wars of the Risorgimento. The House of Austria and the Kingdom of Italy clashed repeatedly to counter (one part) and try to complete (other) Italian national unity. After 1866, with the passage of the Veneto region of Italy, the changed geo-political situation prompted both sides to strengthen significantly the Trentino salient and, in particular since 1908, he proceeded to the fortification of the modern highland Folgaria, and Lavarone Luserna considered strategically important.

The outcome of this flurry of fortifications could only be one: the war. The first gunshot was fired by the strong Italian Fort Verena at 3:55 on 24 May 1915. Since then a firestorm spilled in the Highlands. The inhabitants were evicted in a hurry, forced to pick a few things and to leave their homes. From the stations call and Caldonazzo, the refugees crammed into cattle cars were brought to Bohemia, Moravia, in the "Barakenlager" of Mitterndorf, Katzenau of Braunau and in so-called 'city of wood'. From May to October 1915 the clashes were violent: it is shown by the three military cemeteries Folgaria, and Lavarone Luserna. Operations resumed after the winter parentheses at the initiative of the gen. Konrad von Hötzendorf who have long planned a major offensive to break the Italian front and allowed to hit the royal army behind him. So it was that May 15, 1916, at 6:00 am, the soldiers of the regiment and Kaiserjäger Rainer sector Folgaria ordered to attack and starting to break through the defenses on the Italian line upstream in May, and Côte d'Pioverna Agra , an operation that would have gone down in history as the Strafexpedition and led the front line on the heights Veneto-Vicenza.

The offensive did not achieve its objectives, the front stabilized and the Highlands - no more front-line area - took over a relative peace that lasted until the end of the conflict in November 1918, when they reached the Italian troops and the refugees went back to return to their homes.

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Digital Rebel 350 - Digital Memories Captured With Canon EOS 350 Digital Rebel

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